For example, if it is assumed that AK water is being consumed at an average rate of 2.3 L/day (an average of rates from Table 4), and that at least a week of regular consumption is required for hydration and/or pH influence is detectable, then the minimal consumption required under free-living conditions is approximately 16 L (i.e., 2.3 L/day × 7 days = 16.1 L) in young healthy adults. However, the “”high”" SRWC Experimental subgroup (SRWC = 3.0 L/day; Table 4) showed significantly increased urine pH by only the second urine measurement during the treatment period, which translates to a minimal S63845 solubility dmso consumption rate of approximately 9 L over three days rather than 16 L over seven
days. These computations are for illustration purposes to highlight the fact that the “”dose”" of AK water consumption needed to elicit a particular blood or urine “”response”" should be evaluated more precisely in future studies. Low-grade metabolic acidosis is generally considered to be a predisposing risk factor for the development of several chronic conditions [1–4]. While it has been suggested that the alkalizing influence of dietary interventions and supplements can be an important countering influence Selleck PCI-34051 , the present study was not designed to determine whether the consumption of AK water could improve these disease conditions or not. However, given that the influences
on blood and urine pH were consistent with the hypothesized changes, that the changes reversed during the post-treatment period, and that the Control group showed no changes over the same time period, it is reasonable to suggest that the consumption of AK water could be utilized in a click here clinical trial where those with a specific chronic disease or condition are targeted. Conclusions The consumption of the mineral-rich bottled water with the Alka-PlexLiquid™ supplement (Akali®, or AK water) was associated with improved PRKD3 acid-base balance (i.e., an alkalization of the blood and urine) and hydration status when consumed under free-living conditions. In contrast, subjects who consumed the placebo bottled water showed no changes
over the same period of time. These results indicate that the habitual consumption of AK water may be a valuable nutritional vector for influencing both acid-base balance and hydration status in healthy adults. Acknowledgements The author would like to acknowledge the assistance of Dr. John Seifert, as well as graduate students Sarah Willis, Bjorn Bakken, Katelyn Taylor, and Edward Davilla for their assistance with data collection and processing. Funding for this study was provided by The Glacier Water Company, LLC (Auborn, WA USA). References 1. Murakami K, Sasaki S, Takahashi Y, Uenishi K: Association between dietary acid-base load and cardiometabolic risk factors in young Japanese women. Br J Nut 2008, 100:642–651.CrossRef 2.