Second, microvascular images enable the visualization of the micr

Second, microvascular images enable the visualization of the microcirculation in the limbal area without the use of exogenous contrast agents. Third, by combining the microstructural and microvascular information, the aqueous outflow pathway can be identified. The proposed AS-OCT can serve as a useful tool for ophthalmological research to determine normal and pathologic changes in the outflow system. As a

clinical tool it has the potential to detect early aqueous outflow system abnormalities that ATM/ATR inhibitor review lead to the pressure elevation in glaucoma. Recent surgical innovations and their implementations also rely on an assessment of outflow system structure and function, which can be revealed by AS-OCT. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America”
“The aim of this study was to explore whether there is a relationship between cataract and Alzheimer’s 432 disease in older people in Taiwan. We conducted a retrospective cohort study by using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program from 1999 to 2004. There were 19,954 subjects aged 65-84

with newly diagnosed cataract as the cataract group and 19,954 randomly selected subjects without cataract as the non-cataract group. Both groups were matched with sex, age and index year of diagnosing cataract. The risk of Alzheimer’s disease associated with cataract was assessed. The overall incidence of Alzheimer’s disease was 1.21 per 1,000 person-years in the cataract group and 0.73 per 1,000 person-years in the non-cataract group (crude hazard ratio 1.62,

S63845 95 % CI 1.28, 2.04). After adjustment for potential confounders, the adjusted HR of Alzheimer’s disease was 1.43 (95 % CI 1.13, 1.82) for the cataract group, compared to the non-cataract group. Male (HR 1.36, 95 % CI 1.09, 1.70), age (every 1 year, HR 1.08, 95 % CI 1.06, 1.10) and head injury (HR 1.79, 95 % CI 1.08, 2.96) were other factors significantly associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Older people with cataract are at 1.43-fold increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s AC220 disease. More research is necessary to determine whether cataract is one of non-memory features of Alzheimer’s disease.”
“Objectives: Ivabradine is a selective heart rate-lowering agent that acts by inhibiting the pacemaker current I(f) in sinoatrial node cells. Patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction are at high risk of death and cardiac events, and the BEAUTIFUL study was designed to evaluate the effects of ivabradine on outcome in such patients receiving optimal medical therapy. This report describes the study population at baseline. Methods: BEAUTIFUL is an international, multicentre, randomized, double-blind trial to compare ivabradine with placebo in reducing mortality and cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary artery disease and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction < 40%). Results: A total of 10,917 patients were randomized.

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