The cellulose was then synthesized using different NaOH concentra

The cellulose was then synthesized using different NaOH concentrations and monochloroacetic acid (MCA) in isopropyl alcohol (IPA). Effects of various NaOH concentrations on degree of substitution (DS), viscosity and thermal of carboxymethyl cellulose from Mimosa pigra peel (CMC(m)) were investigated. The increasing of NaOH concentration resulted in increasing DS and viscosity. However, viscosity of CMC(m) decreased as temperature increased. Thermal properties were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The melting point of the samples decreased

as %NaOH increased. The effects of various NaOH concentrations in CMC(m) synthesis on the mechanical properties and water vapor permeability (WVP) of the CMC(m) films were investigated as CH5424802 purchase well. With increasing NaOH concentrations (30-50%) were also found to result in improved mechanical click here properties. However, when the level of NaOH concentration was 60%, the mechanical properties of the CMC films decreased. This result indicates that the highest mechanical properties were found for 50% NaOH-synthesized CMC(m) films. The WVP of the CMC(m) films increased as %NaOH increased. In addition, the CMC(m) films were tested to determine the effect of glycerol as a plasticizer on the mechanical properties. Increasing the amount of glycerol

showed an increase in elongation at break but also led to a decrease in tensile strength. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 122: 3218-3226, 2011″
“Chronic heart failure is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Western countries and is a major financial burden to the health

care system. Pharmacologic treatment and implanting devices are the predominant therapeutic approaches. They improve survival and have offered significant improvement in patient quality of life, but they fall short of producing an authentic remedy. Cardiac gene therapy, the introduction of genetic material to the heart, offers great promise in filling this void. In-depth knowledge 4EGI-1 inhibitor of the underlying mechanisms of heart failure is, obviously, a prerequisite to achieve this aim. Extensive research in the past decades, supported by numerous methodological breakthroughs, such as transgenic animal model development, has led to a better understanding of the cardiovascular diseases and, inadvertently, to the identification of several candidate genes. Of the genes that can be targeted for gene transfer, calcium cycling proteins are prominent, as abnormalities in calcium handling are key determinants of heart failure. A major impediment, however, has been the development of a safe, yet efficient, delivery system. Nonviral vectors have been used extensively in clinical trials, but they fail to produce significant gene expression.

By applying our method in HI datasets containing H3N2 influenza A

By applying our method in HI datasets containing H3N2 influenza A viruses isolated from 1968 to 2003, we identified eleven clusters of antigenic variants, representing all major antigenic drift events in these 36 years. Our results showed that both the completed HI matrix and the antigenic cartography obtained via MC-MDS are useful in identifying influenza antigenic variants and thus can be used to facilitate influenza vaccine strain selection. The webserver is available STA-9090 order at”
“The upgraded nonequilibrium magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) solver MACH2 is applied to the

modeling of an annular, Hall-type MHD generator that can be employed upstream of a turbojet engine at freestream conditions corresponding to Mach 5 flight at an altitude of 20 km. The simulations AZD1480 molecular weight demonstrate the feasibility of converting inlet kinetic power to storable electric power on aircraft traveling at supersonic to hypersonic speeds. Using ionization provided by electron-beam guns and a radial magnetic field B = 3T, the generator is shown to produce a maximum of 4.8 MW of electric power while reducing the total kinetic power of the flow by 31%. Optimizing the loading parameter, K*(Load), across the electrodes demonstrates that the generator could produce 1.54 MW of excess electric power that can be stored and used for on-board power requirements. Additionally,

the reduction in flow kinetic power results in an increase in static pressure of 30% and a reduction in stagnation temperature of 3% at the turbojet’s compressor inlet, aiding the subsequent process of combustion and allowing for operation of the turbojet at higher velocities. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3564943]“
“Traversal of pathogen across the GF120918 concentration bloodbrain barrier (BBB) is an essential step for central nervous system (CNS) invasion. Pathogen traversal can occur paracellularly, transcellularly, and/or in infected phagocytes (Trojan horse mechanism). To trigger the translocation processes, mainly through paracellular and transcellular ways, interactions between protein molecules of pathogen and BBB are inevitable. Simply,

it takes two to tango: both host receptors and pathogen ligands. Underlying molecular basis of BBB translocation of various pathogens has been revealed in the last decade, and a plethora of experimental data on proteinprotein interactions has been created. This review compiles these data and should give insights into the ligandreceptor interactions that occur during BBB translocation. Further, it sheds light on cell signaling events triggered in response to ligandreceptor interaction. Understanding of the molecular principles of pathogenhost interactions that are involved in traversal of the BBB should contribute to develop new vaccine and drug strategies to prevent CNS infections.”
“The functional separation of ON and OFF pathways, one of the fundamental features of the visual system, starts in the retina.

CTNs have a marginal position with respect to the protocol assess

CTNs have a marginal position with respect to the protocol assessment and planning, subject recruitment, data management. CTNs reported high rates for the importance evaluation.

Number of years in the nursing role was significantly associated with data management related activities (p = 0.016). Items with minor response rate differences between frequency and importance were not statistically significant (p values ranging from 0.087 to 0.911). The CTNs reported to be autonomous and competent; however, they lack and/or do not perform some nursing-related responsibilities and/or activities.

Conclusions: Although CTNs are not involved in all of the activities listed on the CTNQ most of them are fully aware to be a key member of research teams. Overall, the Italian CTN role is mostly practical task-oriented Citarinostat research buy and focuses little on data management and organizational activities. (C) 2011

Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Aim: Two 21-day gemcitabine-carboplatin schedules were evaluated in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer in order to assess the effect of timing of the carboplatin Smoothened Agonist clinical trial dose on toxicity and efficacy.

Methods: Patients were randomized to gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle) and carboplatin (AUC 5, on day 1) (Carbo d1 arm) or the same gemcitabine schedule with carboplatin given on day 8 (Carbo d8 arm). Repotrectinib in vivo Twenty patients with Stage IIIB or IV non-small-cell lung cancer were enrolled in each arm.

Results: The achieved dose intensities of both gemcitabine and carboplatin were significantly higher in the Carbo d1 arm. The

total rates of grade 3 or 4 hematological and non-hematological toxicities (any toxicity, any cycle) were 80% and 65%, respectively, with no significant differences between the two arms. Nine patients in the Carbo d1 arm, but only one patient in the Carbo d8 arm, required a platelet transfusion. There were 10 partial responses (four Carbo d1 arm, six Carbo d8 arm), giving an overall response rate of 25% (95% CI 13-41%).

Conclusion: Administration of carboplatin on day 8 of this regimen confers no clear advantage compared with day 1 carboplatin, with similar toxicity but lower dose intensity. A formula for the prediction of thrombocytopenia is proposed.”
“P>Cells associated with veins of C-3 species often contain significant amounts of chlorophyll, and radiotracer analysis shows that carbon present in the transpiration stream may be used for photosynthesis in these cells. It is not clear whether CO2 is also supplied to these cells close to veins via stomata, nor whether this veinal photosynthesis supplies carbon skeletons to particular metabolic pathways. In addition, it has not been possible to determine whether photosynthesis in cells close to veins of C-3 plants is quantitatively important for growth or fitness.

It is first shown that certain characteristics of resistance vers

It is first shown that certain characteristics of resistance versus strain curves are representative for the fracture behavior of the SiN film and not for that of the thin conducting oxide film. Subsequently, it is shown that the hysteresis in curves of resistance as a function of strain offers a way to directly measure the intrinsic critical strain of the SiN film without the need to determine internal strains from independent (curvature) measurements that rely on knowledge of moduli and geometry. The method should be applicable, in general, to measure intrinsic critical strain and residual strains

of thin brittle films on polymers. Advantages and limitations of the method are discussed. (C) 2011 American selleck chemicals llc Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3624582]“

Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has become a routine diagnostic method to assess lesions of the thyroid gland and is generally considered to be a relatively safe, reliable and cost effective means of examining thyroid nodules with a high risk for malignancy. However, FNAC of the thyroid

also has the potential to cause hemorrhage, infection or trauma to adjacent structures.


We present a case of an anterior neck, hematoma with sufficient mass to cause tracheal compression.


Although FNAC is generally regarded as a safe procedure for diagnosis of thyroid nodules, there can he associated complications, including hemorrhage, trauma to adjacent structures,

injection, buy Staurosporine inflammatory reactions and histologic change. Clinicians should be aware of the complications associated with this technique and perform the procedure carefully and gently. (Acta Cytol 2009;53:86-88)”
“To determine the accuracy of multi-detector CT (MDCT) compared with the surgical findings, such as peritoneal seeding and metastatic lymph nodes, in ovarian cancer patients.

Fifty-seven FIGO stage IA-IV ovarian cancer patients, who underwent MDCT before primary surgery, were included in this study. Two radiologists evaluated the following imaging findings in consensus: the presence of nodular, plaque-like or infiltrative soft-tissue lesions in peritoneal fat or on the serosal surface; presence of ascites; parietal peritoneal thickening or enhancement; and small bowel wall thickening or distortion. We also evaluated the presence of lymph node metastases. To allow region-specific comparisons, the peritoneal cavity was divided into 13 regions and retroperitoneal lymph nodes were divided into 3 regions. Descriptive statistical data were thus obtained.

The MDCT sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values, and negative predictive values were 45, 72, 46, and 72%, respectively, for detecting peritoneal seeding and 21, 90, 52, and 69%, respectively, for detecting lymph node metastasis.

003) The highest DAP was during left anterior oblique (LAO) cran

003). The highest DAP was during left anterior oblique (LAO) cranial 30A degrees angulation (2.8 Gy/cm(2)/4 s cine). The mean cumulative dose (CD) was 0.053 Gy in diagnostic cases and 0.48 Gy in intervention cases. The effective dose was 5.97 +/- A 7.05 mSv for theraputic procedures compared with 3.42 +/- A 3.64 mSv for diagnostic procedures. The FT correlated significantly with both the DAP (r = 0.718; P < 0.001) and the CD (r = 0.701; P < 0.001). Other correlations were reported. An increasing number of therapeutic catheterization procedures

are being performed for children. The justification for these procedures is evident because they avoid complicated surgery. However, the complexity of these procedures results in higher radiation LBH589 Epigenetics inhibitor exposures.”
“Purpose of review

To provide primary care physicians with strategies to evaluate and manage pediatric upper extremity stress injuries related to overuse with a focus on anatomic location, patient history, physical examination, and imaging.

Recent findings

Children are susceptible to stress injuries due to their open physes. The physeal cartilage of epiphyses and apophyses is the weakest structure in the developing skeleton.

The differential diagnosis for pediatric stress injuries includes injury to the bone, physis, epiphysis, and apophysis. Most stress injuries in children improve with rest. Missed or misdiagnosed stress injuries can lead to growth abnormalities LY333531 datasheet and potential malalignment.


Awareness of stress injuries is important for timely diagnosis and prevention of sequelae. A thorough history, focused physical examination, and proper imaging studies

are crucial steps to identify upper extremity stress injuries in the pediatric population.”
“The diagnosis of small lung nodules has increased in recent years; limited resection and minimally invasive surgery are highly desirable in patients with these lesions. While wedge resection may be curative for small lung nodules, the technique is sometimes difficult to perform when the tumour nodule is near the pulmonary hilum. In such situations, either anatomical segmentectomy or subsegmentectomy can obtain an adequate surgical margin; port-access thoracoscopic surgery is the preferred type of minimally invasive surgery. Three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) simulations are reportedly useful in planning and performing thoracoscopic surgery. We use 3D CT simulation to aid thoracoscopic segmentectomy for small lung nodules and subsegmentectomy for even smaller nodules and conduct here a retrospective evaluation of the clinical results of subsegmentectomy. We present our technique for 3D CT simulation-assisted port-access thoracoscopic subsegmentectomy in the superior segment of the left lower lobe.

Between July 2008 and June 2012, 15 patients underwent port-access thoracoscopic subsegmentectomy. We evaluated the pathological diagnoses, the tumour sizes, the indications, the operative times and the volumes of blood loss.

A noninferiority research paradigm may be applied to this methodo

A noninferiority research paradigm may be applied to this methodology to demonstrate that the removal of a health technology does not adversely affect outcomes.

Conclusion: ON-01910 This research design can be applied across multiple fields and will assist determination of whether specific health technologies are clinically effective, cost-effective, and safe. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Pediatric patients undergoing cardiac catheterization usually need deep sedation. In this study, 60 children

were randomly allocated to receive sedation with either a ketamine-propofol combination (KP group, n = 30) or a ketamine-propofol-dexmedetomidine combination (KPD group,

n = 30). Both groups received 1 mg/kg of ketamine and 1 mg/kg of propofol for induction of sedation, and the KPD group received an additional 1 mu g/kg of dexmedetomidine infusion during Selleck Ilomastat 5 min for induction of sedation and a maintenance infusion of 0.5 mu g/kg/h. In both groups, 0.2 mg/kg of propofol was administered as a bolus to maintain a Ramsey sedation score (RSS) greater than 4 throughout the procedure. None of the patients in either group required intubation. In the KP group, one patient required mask ventilation. The chin-lift maneuver needed to be performed for eight patients in the KP group and one patient in the KPD group (p < 0.05). Adding dexmedetomidine to the ketamine-propofol combination decreased movement during the procedures. The heart rate in the KPD group was significantly lower after induction of sedation and throughout the procedure (p < 0.05). No significant differences in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, or respiration rates were found between the two groups (p > 0.05). The mean recovery Cl-amidine datasheet time was longer in the KP group (5.86 vs 3.13 min; p < 0.05). Adding dexmedetomidine to a ketamine-propofol combination led

to a reduced need for airway intervention and to decreased movement during local anesthetic infiltration and throughout the procedure. The recovery time was shorter and hemodynamic stability good in the KPD group.”
“BACKGROUND: Reverse flow reactors are widely used for the treatment of gaseous emissions containing different hydrocarbons. However, most of the reported studies are focused on the combustion of a given hydrocarbon over a given catalyst. Consequently, any conclusions are difficult to extrapolate to other systems due to the wide range of variation of the chemical properties in these systems (reactivity, concentrations, combustion enthalpy, etc.).

RESULTS: A new generalized approach for the design of reverse flow reactors (RFR) for the catalytic combustion of lean hydrocarbon-air mixtures is proposed in this work.

Measured delivery profiles were comparable to prediction models

Measured delivery profiles were comparable to prediction models. Conclusions: We confirmed the hypothesis that delivery of one infused drug is transiently affected by starting or stopping a second drug infusion in the same line. The magnitude of the changes can be estimated quantitatively. The clinical impact depends

on the drugs being co-infused and patient sensitivity, but could be clinically important; the findings have safety implications for infused medication delivery Epigenetics inhibitor to critically ill or anesthetized children. We recommend minimizing infusion system dead volumes, connecting the most essential infusion(s) to the main fluid pathway as close as possible to the patient, and recognizing the potential for unintended alterations in delivery when multiple drugs co-infuse.”
“Autophagy is AZD6738 a catabolic membrane-trafficking process that leads to sequestration and degradation of intracellular material within lysosomes. It is executed at basal levels in every cell and promotes cellular homeostasis by regulating organelle and protein turnover. In response to various forms of cellular stress, however, the levels and cargoes of autophagy can be modulated. In nutrient-deprived states, for example, autophagy can be activated to degrade cargoes for cell-autonomous

energy production to promote cell survival. In other contexts, in contrast, autophagy has been shown to contribute to cell death. Given these dual effects in regulating cell viability, it is no surprise that autophagy has implications in both the genesis and treatment of malignant disease. In this review, we provide a comprehensive appraisal of the way in which oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes regulate autophagy. In addition, we address the current evidence from human cancer and animal models selleck chemical that has aided our understanding of the role of autophagy in tumour progression. Finally, the potential for targeting autophagy therapeutically is discussed in light of the functions of autophagy at different stages of tumour progression and in normal tissues.”
“Aim: We performed a retrospective audit of intravenous morphine infusion administered

to children in an effort to characterize the relationship between dose and age. Methods: A retrospective audit of morphine infusions was reviewed for a 24-months period and included all children who received continuous intravenous nurse-controlled morphine infusions and patient-controlled analgesia; a population undergoing acute and elective surgical procedures, as well as medical and oncological treatments. The relationship between age and infusion rate was investigated using nonlinear mixed effects models. Results: There were 886 children whose data were acceptable for review. Morphine dose increased with age from 9.97 (CV 28%) mu g center dot kg-1 per h in neonates. The Hill equation with an exponential of 1.5 best described these changes. Morphine rate reached 90% of its mean final rate of 22.

The cubic phase transforms to tetragonal structure by annealing a

The cubic phase transforms to tetragonal structure by annealing at 460 K. The ionic conductivity of the cubic phase is two to three orders of magnitude lower than the annealed sample. The complex conductivity of the investigated materials has been analyzed by a power-law model in order to extract the hopping rates and the concentration of mobile ions, the parameters that control the overall conduction behavior. The estimated values of the concentration of mobile ions are found to be of the same order, indicating that the conduction process is controlled by the mobility of charge carriers. BaSnF4 has been found

to belong to a new class of nonoxidic giant dielectric constant materials with a value of epsilon’ similar to 10(5), which is independent of temperature and frequency over wide ranges. It is found that the giant values of the dielectric constant are not due to surface barrier layer capacitance effects at the sample/electrode selleckchem interface of the material. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3234393]“
“The concept of animal and human health experts working together toward a healthier world has been endorsed, but challenges remain in identifying concrete actions to move this one health concept from vision to action. In 2008, as a result of avian influenza outbreaks in West Africa, international donor support led to a unique opportunity to invest in Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programs

Sapitinib manufacturer (FELTPs) in the region that engaged the animal and human health sectors to strengthen the capacity for prevention and control of zoonotic diseases. The FELTPs mixed 25% to 35% classroom and 65% to 75% field-based training and service for cohorts of physicians, veterinarians, and laboratory scientists. They typically consisted of a 2-year course leading to a master’s degree in field epidemiology and public health laboratory management for midlevel

public health leaders and competency-based short courses for frontline public health surveillance workers. Trainees and graduates work in multidisciplinary teams to conduct surveillance, outbreak investigations, and epidemiological studies for disease JQ-EZ-05 cell line control locally and across borders. Critical outcomes of these programs include development of a cadre of public health leaders with core skills in integrated disease surveillance, outbreak investigation, vaccination campaigns, laboratory diagnostic testing, and epidemiological studies that address priority public health problems. A key challenge exists in identifying ways to successfully scale up and transform this innovative donor-driven program into a sustainable multisectoral one health workforce capacity development model. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2012;241:572-579)”
“Prospective studies up to 1 year after repair of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) report anal incontinence in 33% of women and up to 92% have a sonographic sphincter defect.

Dietary treatments were AL-LC (a low-corn diet fed to allow cattl

Dietary treatments were AL-LC (a low-corn diet fed to allow cattle ad libitum access to feed), AL-HC (a high-corn diet fed to allow cattle ad libitum access to feed), LF-HC

(a limit fed high-corn diet with the energy intake equal to that provided by AL-LC), and AL-IC (a diet with approximately the midpoint daily energy intake between AL-LC and AL-HC). Steers received treatments until d 56, after which all groups were fed AL-HC until d 140. Real-time ultrasound and BW measurements were taken every 28 d, and 3 glucose tolerance tests (GTT) were conducted on d 0, 28, and 56 of the growing period to assess insulin sensitivity. Based on ultrasound IMF and SCF readings during the growing phase, AL-HC and AL-IC increased accretion of IMF (P = 0.01), and AL-LC and LF-HC diets resulted in less accretion of SCF (P < 0.01) compared with other treatments. During learn more the finishing period, accretion of IMF (P = 0.13) and SCF

(P = 0.81) did not differ among treatments, which diluted differences in overall (d 0 to 140) accretion of IMF (P = 0.28) and SCF (P = 0.52), such that final real-time ultrasound measures of IMF and SCF did not differ (P >= 0.36) among treatments. Actual carcass marbling scores, however, were greater for the AL-HC and AL-IC treatments (P = 0.02), and 12th-rib fat thickness tended (P = 0.08) to be greater for AL-HC and AL-IC groups. Based on incremental area under the curve and area over the curve as indicators of insulin release and glucose uptake, respectively, no differences (P >= 0.10) in insulin sensitivity were observed among treatments. Our GDC-0994 cost results suggest that high-corn diets increase growing phase accretion of IMF and SCF; however, these differences were not related to differences in glucose and insulin

“Background: The goal of this study was to analyze impact of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and impaired renal function on long-term follow-up after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and Results: A total of 702 consecutive patients with AF (age = 58 year, Amino acid transport inhibitor history of AF = 5 year, male = 478, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation = 416, coronary artery disease = 62, hypertension = 487) considered for catheter ablation were enrolled in the study. The MetS was diagnosed at admission in 276 patients. The renal function was estimated by glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) was performed either with cryoballoon technique (n = 260) or circumferential PVI (n = 442) with a 3.5-mm irrigated tip catheter. A 7-day-Holter electrocardiogram was performed at each follow-up visit. Any episode of documented AF after an initial 3-month blanking period was considered as clinical endpoint. Out of 702 patients, 370 (52.7%) were free of AF recurrences at median follow-up of 15 six interquartile range (12.742.3) months. The patients with MetS had significantly lower success rate than those without (128/276 (46.4%) vs 242/426 (56.8%), P = 0.

Our findings suggested pioglitazone had a therapeutic potential i

Our findings suggested pioglitazone had a therapeutic potential in improving fibrinolytic activity, and consequently preventing thromboembolic complications of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.”
“Objectives. The objectives of this study were to determine

the incidence of bad splits in sagittal split osteotomies (SSOs), performed at the same hospital, and if the occurrence was reduced over time because of technical progress and/or surgical experience. Bad splits were defined as buccal or lingual plate fractures.

Study design. The files of all patients (n = 1008) who underwent bilateral or unilateral SSO between October 1989 and October 2009 were reviewed retrospectively.

Results. A bad split occurred in 14 SSO sites (14 of 2005 sites). No bilateral bad splits occurred. There was no notable decrease of bad splits over

the 20 years. All bad splits were resolved perioperatively by plate-osteosynthesis without 3-deazaneplanocin A research buy the additional need of intermaxillary fixation. All patients with a bad split had a good and functional occlusion 6 months Aurora Kinase inhibitor postoperatively. No infections occurred at the site of the bad splits. No bad splits occurred in patients younger than 20 years. No particular type of dental-facial deformity, or skeletal class according to the Angle’s classification could be correlated with cases of bad splits as a predisposing risk factor.

Conclusion. Even if precautions are taken, a bad split can occur during SSO of the mandible. This complication is manageable because of its low incidence (0.7 % of all SSOs) and uneventful healing. A significant decrease in incidence did not occur during the 20-year period, and neither technical progress nor the surgeon’s experience further reduced the incidence of bad splits. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010;110:430-435)”
“Background: Studies have demonstrated that patients with diets high in omega-3 fatty acids have a lower risk of adverse

cardiovascular events. C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation, is a strong predictor of future cardiovascular events. omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. However, there is a paucity of data examining the effect of omega-3 fatty acids on CRP levels. This randomized, PFTα in vivo double-blind, placebo-controlled trial tested the hypothesis that treatment with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) would reduce serum high-sensitivity CRP levels. Materials & methods: Fifty three patients with elevated baseline CRP (>= 3 mg/l) were randomized to n-3 PUFA (27 patients) or placebo (26 patients). Patients with active infection, inflammatory disease, baseline CRP >= 10 mg/l or those started on HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor therapy during the study period were excluded. The primary end point was CRP level following 8 weeks of treatment. Results: After 8 weeks of treatment with the study drug, the median CRP level in the n-3 PUFA group was 3.4 mg/l compared with 4.0 mg/l in the placebo group (p = 0.36).