mortality was higher than the cumulated production beginning from autumn, when finer roots naturally die more after the peak of productivity. Apart from the ZD1839 increased Fr mortality, and as a consequence of the increasing C inputs into the soil, the coppice also might have negative effects on the soil C sequestration. For example, the removal of aboveground biomass changes the microclimate. The decomposition of the forest floor C is temporarily stimulated after harvest, because the soil becomes warmer and possibly wetter due to the reduced evapotranspiration (Piene and Vancleve, 1978). Moreover, the coppiced field site is more exposed to wind and to erosion. Experimental studies in timber plantations showed that soil C decreased with increasing harvest intensity (Nave et al., 2010). The Fr biomass values were slightly higher than values reported for SRWC poplar on nutrient poorer soils in the same region (Al
Afas et al., 2008). The absence of genotypic differences belowground has been also found Dabrafenib for two other aboveground contrasting poplar genotypes in USA (Dickmann et al., 1996). The higher presence of weeds and the intensive weed management in the former pasture as compared to the former cropland caused a higher mortality of trees by mechanical and chemical treatments (Broeckx et al., 2012). The lower Wr biomass after coppice (2012) could be explained by the faster canopy closure of the poplars (higher leaf area index) and the lower weed presence after the coppice (Broeckx et al., submitted September
2014). The different root profiles observed in Fr and Wr was similar to the ones observed in native ecosystems, where tree roots show deeper rooting profiles than grass species (Jackson et al., 1996). The Cr biomass values found in our plantation (155–187 g DM m−2) were lower than the values of 390–2980 g DM m−2 reported for older and less dense tree plantations (Puri et al., 1994, Tufekcioglu et al., 1998 and Toenshoff et al., 2013). The low Cr biomass values could probably be attributed to the limited rooting depth, i.e. almost no Cr roots were found below 60 cm. We observed a shallow root system in both genotypes, and the water table was a strong Metalloexopeptidase determinant of the rooting system depth (Berhongaray, 2014) in line with the natural riparian habitat of poplars. Typically, poplar trees have relatively shallow but widespread root systems (Dobson and Moffat, 1999). As poplar is an opportunistic rooter, it does not produce roots at deep soil layers when there is sufficient water available or a high water table (Hallgren, 1989). The latter was the case at the site of this study; the average water table depth was 85 cm (Berhongaray, 2014). Since we used only one unique allometric equation to scale-up Cr, the genotypic differences in Cr are due to differences in the basal area frequency distribution, in the final planting density and in the mortality rate (Table 3).