hypersensitivity could be dissociated from mitomycin C hypersensitivity suggesting different underlying mechanisms. FANCD2 or RAD51 subnuclear foci were not useful as biomarkers of platinum hypersensitivity of FANCC/FANCD2-mutant cells. Our data add to an emerging body of evidence indicating that the FA pathway is not linear and that several protein subcomplexes with different functions exist. It will be important to establish biomarkers that can predict the sensitivity of tumors with specific FA defects to chemotherapeutic agents. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“In plants, developmental programs and tropisms are modulated by the phytohormone auxin. Auxin https://www.selleckchem.com/products/cbl0137-cbl-0137.html reconfigures the actin cytoskeleton, which controls polar localization of auxin transporters such as PIN2 and thus determines cell-type-specific responses. In conjunction with a second growth-promoting phytohormone, brassinosteroid (BR), auxin synergistically enhances growth
and gene transcription. We show that BR alters actin configuration and PIN2 localization in a manner similar to that of auxin. We describe a BR constitutive-response mutant that bears an allele of the ACTIN2 gene and shows altered actin configuration, PIN2 delocalization, GSK1210151A concentration and a broad array of phenotypes that recapitulate BR-treated plants. Moreover, we show that actin filament reconfiguration is sufficient to activate BR signaling, which leads to an enhanced auxin response. Our results demonstrate that the actin cytoskeleton functions as an integration node for the BR signaling pathway and auxin responsiveness.”
“MYH7 mutations are an established cause of Laing distal myopathy, myosin storage myopathy, and cardiomyopathy,
BVD-523 purchase as well as additional myopathy subtypes. We report a novel MYH7 mutation (p.Leu1597Arg) that arose de novo in two unrelated probands. Proband 1 has a myopathy characterized by distal weakness and prominent contractures and histopathology typical of multi-minicore disease. Proband 2 has an axial myopathy and histopathology consistent with congenital fiber type disproportion. These cases highlight the broad spectrum of clinical and histological patterns associated with MYH7 mutations, and provide further evidence that MYH7 is likely responsible for a greater proportion of congenital myopathies than currently appreciated. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Background. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene deficiency mutations that increase HDL-C levels have been associated with exceptional longevity. However, a recent clinical trial of a promising CETP inhibitor that markedly increases HDL-C was terminated due to increased mortality.